Wood production-export informations in Vietnam – Timber industry
Overview of wood production-export
According to ITTO (2015) the Vietnamese forest industry produced in 2014 about 10.75 million m3 of logs, which is mainly used by the domestic industry. Viet Nam is a net importer of timber and Viet Nam’s wood processing sector is highly dependent on imported materials from a large number of sources. Wood sourced from the Vietnamese forests originates often from plantations, also because of the logging and export bans which are in place. Species most commonly used in forestry plantations are Acacia (Acacia spp) and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp).
Viet Nam’s wood processing industry is particularly known for production and exports of high-end wood products, particularly furniture. Viet Nam is one of the world’s largest exporting countries of wooden furniture and parts, with exports valued at $4.38 billion in 2013, whereas the exports of primary timber products are valued at 769.8 million US dollars in 2014 (ITTO, 2015). Viet Nam has about 3,000 wood processing enterprises, 95% of which are privately-owned. Most of the enterprises are small and medium in size (Forest Trends, 2011). The relatively low cost labour force and a favourable environment for foreign investment are the main competitive advantages of the Vietnamese industry.
Besides furniture the main export products of the Vietnamese wood product industries are wood chips and paper, with Viet Nam being one of the biggest wood chip exporting countries of the world. The main destination markets for the exports of wood products are displayed in the graph below. It should be noted that this graph does not include the exports of furniture and pulp and paper products.
Timber products are exported from Viet Nam through a number of ways, they are:
Directly from timber processors to overseas retailers or importers.
From processors to traders in Viet Nam with links to external markets.
From processors to overseas companies operating in Viet Nam who then sell the product overseas. (TFT, 2014)
Viet Nam has quite a number of ports, but the biggest ports are (1) Hai Phong being the Viet Nam’s most important seaport in the North, (2) Da Nang, the third largest sea port located in the middle of Viet Nam, and (3) Ho Chi Minh City in the South.
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